TRIPOLI, Libya - One of Libya's highest military officers resigned Sunday after clashes between protesters and a government-aligned militia he was in charge of left 31 people dead in the eastern city of Benghazi, the deadliest such violence in a country where armed factions hold sway.
The bloodshed underscored the growing public anger over the government's failure to build an army capable of reining in the militias that dominate parts of the country nearly two years after the fall of Moammar Gadhafi. The militias have become bolder in trying to shape Libya's politics.
The violence erupted Saturday when protesters in Benghazi, the country's second largest city, stormed the main camp of Libya Shield, a largely Islamist grouping of militias that are paid by the government to help maintain security. The protesters were demanding that the militias submit to the full authority of Libya's security forces or lay down their arms.
In this Saturday photo, Libyans are seen during fighting outside the office of the Libya Shield pro-government militia in Benghazi, Libya. The violence which left dozens of people dead broke out Saturday when protesters stormed a base belonging to Libya Shield, a grouping of pro-government militias tasked with maintaining security. The protesters were demanding militias leave their camp and submit to the full authority of Libya's security forces.
The clashes prompted Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Youssef al-Mangoush to resign, citing the unusually high death toll from the violence. Al-Mangoush was due to be replaced soon, and the country's Congress voted in support of accepting his resignation Sunday.
He was in charge of the country's roughly 12 Libya Shield brigades, tasked with putting them on government payroll and directing them.
The brigades, though sanctioned by the state, operate as a parallel security structure to the country's police and armed forces.